There has been, and continues to be, disagreement among psychologists, psychiatrists, and other mental health professionals regarding the reliability of repressed or recovered memories. Many psychotherapists still debate treatment issues, including ethical issues and clinical techniques and practice. On one hand, studies indicate that significant numbers of abuse victims report a loss of memory of the abuse, at least at some point in time. On the other hand, research has also shown that false memories can be implanted. According to the American Psychological Association, it is not possible to distinguish repressed memories from false ones without corroborating evidence. Memory generally consists of three processes: Encoding (the process of forming a memory code in order to get information into memory); Consolidation/Storage (maintaining encoded information in memory over a period of time); and Retrieval (recovering information from memory storage). Errors in any … [Read more...] about How Does the Law Treat Repressed Memories?
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Source: Photo by Gage Walker on Unsplash Living with self- shame is like having a 24-hour critical inside your head, constantly judging, labeling, and humiliating you. That toxic self-shaming voice seeks to limit you, hold you back, and defer growth. Left unchecked, it eats away at your self-worth , undermines your confidence , and can morph into crippling anxiety that destroys any chance of lasting happiness . Where does self-shaming come from? How did it gain so much power over you? Derek’s Battle With Self-Shame Derek, a young man in one of my weekly therapy groups talked about his crippling social fears. Tears trickled down his cheeks as he admitted, “I feel so much shame all the time.” “About what?” a group member asked. “My weight, my voice, the way I walk, how people look at me.” He paused and wiped his face with the sleeve of his shirt. “I guess I feel shame about being me.” Derek had been bullied at school, neglected by his family, and mocked … [Read more...] about The Destructive Voice of Self-Shame and How to Break Free
In this article, I discuss recent research on breathing techniques that promote relaxation, calm, and pain relief. Specifically, I review two recent investigations. Source: Pexels/Pixabay Breathing and relaxation Slow and deep breathing appears to have a number of mental health benefits (e. g ., relaxation), perhaps because it counteracts the “ sympathetic dominance ” of the nervous system , which contributes to rapid heart rate, high blood pressure, stress, anxiety, and depression . So let me review a recent investigation by Gholamrezaei et al. (published in the February issue of Psychophysiology ), which explores physiological and psychological responses to four types of deep breathing exercises . Note, deep breathing is sometimes also called diaphragmatic breathing or abdominal breathing. Deep breathing practices are often performed slowly, about six breaths per minute or one breath every 10 seconds (0.1 Hz breathing frequency). The normal … [Read more...] about Best Breathing Techniques for Relaxation and Pain Relief
This post continues from my previous article , which discusses the clinical differences between COVID-19 and the seasonal flu. These two diseases progress so differently because the viruses that cause them, SARS-CoV-2 and Influenza , respectively, have very little in common. Here I discuss the fine molecular details of these two viruses and how they attack us. 1. The Virus Particles Viral particles come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and compositions. While this may sound like an esoteric detail, the composition of viral particles is what determines how a virus finds and enters its preferred host cell. Viruses are called obligate intracellular parasites , because they cannot do almost anything on their own. They must enter a host cell and hijack it. They then reprogram that host cell to become a factory for making more viruses, eventually spilling them out to attack more cells. Viral particles of SARS-CoV-2 (L) and H1N1 influenza A (R). Source: NIAID, … [Read more...] about 5 More Ways That COVID-19 is Not Like the Flu
How do you know you have a toxic family or family member? You may feel anxious or nervous when you have to interact with them. You may feel drained after interacting with them or hearing them gossip. They may be addicted to “drama," tend to overreact emotionally and create scenes in public or within a family. They may share personal things you said to them in confidence with other people to harm you. Worse, you may feel confused, manipulated, and emotionally harmed after interacting with them or asserting your boundaries. While all families have disagreements and conflict, toxic family systems use extremely unhealthy ways of interacting with each other and resolving conflict. While disagreements and tension are inevitable in any family, the manner in which the conflict is handled is what differentiates a healthy family system from a toxic family system. Family Emotional Violence Research supports the idea that a certain level of “ aggression ” is a “normal” part … [Read more...] about The Source of Toxic Family Relations