In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most common and most effective type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) to help women become pregnant. The IVF procedure involves fertilizing an egg outside the body, in a laboratory dish, and then implanting it in a woman's uterus. In a normal pregnancy a male sperm penetrates a woman's egg and fertilizes it inside her body after ovulation - when a mature egg has been released from the ovaries. The fertilized egg (now an embryo) then attaches itself to the wall of the uterus (womb) and begins developing into a baby. This is known as natural conception. However, some women are unable to become pregnant through natural or unassisted conception and have to undergo fertility treatment to become pregnant. If less expensive fertility techniques do not work, some women may decide to opt for IVF. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, about 1% of U.S. infants are conceived through IVF. To date, IVF has contributed to … [Read more...] about IVF: What Are Test Tube Babies?
Testicular ultrasound procedure video
An undescended testicle is a testicle that has not moved into the scrotum, the bag of skin that hangs behind the penis, before a baby is born. It is estimated that 3 percent to 4 percent of full-term boys and 21 percent of male infants born preterm are born with this feature. Usually, only one testicle is affected, but 10 percent of all cases, both testicles are affected. Undescended testicle (UDT) is also known as cryptorchidism. It is one of the most common endocrine problems affecting newborn males, and it is the most common genital condition that is identified at birth. It is more likely to affect boys who are born prematurely. Whether it affects one or both testicles, cryptorchidism generally corrects itself within a few months, but sometimes surgery is needed to relocate the testicle, or testis, into the scrotum. The scrotum is a small pouch, or sac, of skin that hangs behind the penis. Inside the scrotum is a pair of testicles, the oval-shaped sex organs that form … [Read more...] about What is Cryptorchidism, or Undescended Testicle?