These ultrasonic devices should, thus, be classified as “aversives.” This is not how they are typically advertised, but this is how they function. They work by imposing an unpleasant sensory experience and they fall into the category of “positive punishment”—using discomfort to get a dog to behave in a particular way. And the evidence has been accumulating over the past decade that aversive training techniques are less effective than positive reinforcement and that aversive techniques and products can cause lasting psychological harm to dogs. (For a comprehensive review see, for example, Ziv 2017 and G. Fernandes, A.S. Olsson, A. C. Vieira de Castro 2017) … [Read more...] about Are Ultrasonic Dog Training Devices Really Safe and Humane?
Decrease the amount of news or media you are viewing. Sometimes, it can be helpful to take some time off from viewing the media entirely. Increase the number of positive activities in your life (e.g. watch movies, read books, watch shows that provide hope and joy). Participate in activities that help you feel grounded and safe (spend time with loved ones, spend time in nature, do art, exercise, do mindfulness or meditation, pray or participate in spiritual activities). Join in advocacy efforts, volunteering, or other activities that help you feel as if you are contributing to society. Talk to a counselor or trusted individual about what you are experiencing. Know you aren’t alone and there is nothing “wrong” with you. Feel validated in knowing you are just human like the rest of us. … [Read more...] about Watching the News Can Be Traumatizing
This bonding force continues throughout the lifespan (see Doyle & Cicchetti, 2017; Raby & Dozier, 2019). In one study, women who were able to hold their partner's hand during a painful procedure had lower heart rates and reported feeling less pain. When women were in the same room as their partner but unable to hold their partner’s hands, they did not experience the same reduction in pain (Goldstein, Weissman-Fogel, & Shamay-Tsoory, 2017). … [Read more...] about Love Doesn’t Spoil a Partner. Why Would it Spoil Your Kid?