Back pain is extremely common and can be a real bane. Back pain is extremely common and can be a real bane. Lower back pain - also known medically as ‘lumbago’ - is one of the most common reasons why people visit the doctor in the UK. Fortunately, in the vast majority of cases, back pain isn’t triggered by anything serious and will usually improve with time, and there are lots of measure people can take to prevent or relieve symptoms. There are sometimes occasions, though, when back pain can be a sign of an underlying cause that needs closer attention and management. So, what are some of the warning signs and what should you do if you’re experiencing symptoms? Here, experts explain more... Why does lower back pain happen? Three main causes of back pain are force, repetition and inactivity. Heavy lifting can lead to muscle or ligament strain resulting in painful muscle spasms, as can repetitive movements such as twisting or bending the spine. Similarly, bad … [Read more...] about Here is what causes back pain and how to relieve the symptoms
How to maintain a healthy weight
If you've already had one stroke, your risk for another is much higher. But new research found that well-controlled blood pressure can reduce that risk by about 20%. The study authors suggested maintaining a blood pressure of 130/80 mm Hg or less. "Intensive blood pressure control of at least less than 130/80 mm Hg is recommended for secondary stroke prevention," said Dr. Kazuo Kitagawa, the study's lead author and professor and chair of neurology at Tokyo Women's Medical University in Japan. While 120/80 mm Hg or lower might be an even better target, Kitagawa noted that only about one-third of people in the current study were able to achieve a level that low, despite being on an average of almost three blood pressure-lowering drugs. He said that patients often worry that their blood pressure might drop too low, and there are side effects that can be associated with aggressive blood pressure reduction. The new research was published online July 29 in JAMA Neurology. The author of an … [Read more...] about Blood Pressure Control Key to Avoiding a Second Stroke
Almost half of American adults have high blood pressure, or hypertension. It’s often called the “silent killer” because people often don’t have any symptoms and many don’t know they have it. What is blood pressure? Blood pressure refers to the force of blood flowing through your blood vessels, according to the American Heart Association. When your heart beats, it pumps blood throughout the body's blood vessels. As the blood moves through the body, it pushes against the sides of the blood vessels. The force of that push is blood pressure. Blood pressure is measured with two numbers: systolic pressure (the top number) and diastolic pressure (the bottom number). A blood pressure reading of 120/80 mm Hg means that the systolic pressure is 120 and the diastolic pressure is 80. Systolic refers to the pressure in a person's arteries when the heart beats. Diastolic is the pressure in the arteries when the heart is resting between beats. What is the normal range … [Read more...] about What is a healthy blood pressure?
Dementia affects roughly 5 million Americans and that number is expected to grow dramatically in the next few years, according to Braintest. The good news is there are ways to reduce the risk of dementia and it starts with diet and exercise. A new set of guidelines just released in a report Tuesday by The World Health Organization highlighted things you can do to help prevent dementia. "In the next 30 years, the number of people with dementia is expected to triple," WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement. With dementia affecting 50 million people around the world, and with nearly 10 million new cases appearing each year, the time to act is now. "We need to do everything we can to reduce our risk of dementia," Ghebreyesus continued. "The scientific evidence gathered for these Guidelines confirm what we have suspected for some time, that what is good for our heart, is also good for our brain." The report, which is close to 100 pages, identifies various … [Read more...] about New Guidelines on How to Prevent Dementia
We’ve been told for ages that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and that skipping it puts us at greater risk of not being able to maintain a healthy weight. That recommendation — codified in many dietary guidelines — is based on the presumption that having a hearty breakfast helps to discourage us from filling up on extra calories later in the day. But a new study — a major review of more than a dozen randomized controlled trials on the subject — calls that presumption into serious doubt. It found that skipping breakfast has essentially no effect on our weight. If anything, people who eat breakfast tend to down more calories during the day than those who skip that meal, the study concluded. ”While breakfast has been advocated as the most important meal of the day in the media since 1917, there is a paucity of evidence to support breakfast consumption as a strategy to achieve weight loss, including in adults with overweight … [Read more...] about No evidence found to support eating breakfast as a weight-loss strategy