If tophat-wearers were socially isolated from non-tophat-wearers, in a few generations we would find "genes for tophat-wearing." Source: Image by janrye from Pixabay Imagine that it was decreed that, starting tomorrow, all Icelanders are required to wear top hats. Additionally, Icelanders are only allowed to marry each other. How will these new social structures impact what the genetics of Icelanders seem to tell us? Over generations of these policies being in place, random drift leads genetic variants to shift proportions within the Icelandic population. New (or de novo ) mutations emerge, hundreds in every person who is born, most of which have no functional consequence, and may—by random chance alone—spread within the socially (and reproductively) isolated Icelandic population. These genetic shifts among the Icelanders occur independent of similar random shifts occurring in the rest of the human population. After some time, researchers decide to look for genes … [Read more...] about What Causes Genes?
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New lovers often promise each other that they will be together forever. Offering glorious promises of enduring intertwinement, they willingly pledge to give up personal independence in exchange for a future of secure belonging. Unfortunately, the keeping of those promises are subject to many unexpected challenges, even when they are genuinely made. Unexpected crises arise in all intimate relationship that can eradicate blissful expectations, and most new lovers, caught up in the fantasy of indestructible love, don’t anticipate them adequately. As each couple eventually faces their personal pitfalls and whirlpools, many are unable to maintain their promises of forever-commitment. Others fight valiantly to overcome their challenges and survive, using every available resource to hang on to their connection. Like emotional warriors fighting a never-ending surge of increasing embattlements, they keep trying to make things better despite the greater challenges and lessening rewards. … [Read more...] about Relationship Disenchantment
Kathleen Palmieri Source: Kathleen Palmieri, used with permission People often succeed at a level far below their abilities. For example, even if we look at highly intelligent individuals, only 2.86% of the 210 highly gifted children in a 35-year study grew up to be highly successful adults (Freeman, 2010). If you think about everyone you know, I am sure you can name some who do not achieve their potential. They might be children, teens, or adults, but the mindset (and thus habits) they adopt at any stage in their life will likely impact their success not only then, but on through their adulthood as well. That “success” can be in virtually any arena: personal, academic, social, professional, etc. Fortunately, growth mindset can help. Having a growth mindset helps individuals better deal with challenges and helps them excel. For example, students who have a growth mindset earn higher grades, show greater motivation in school, achieve greater academic success, and score … [Read more...] about The Power of Growth Mindset
Source: CCO Pexels [Continued from Part 1] In fellow Psychology Today blogger and psychotherapist Nancy Colier’s view, grudges empower us. “With our grudge intact, we know who we are — a person who was ‘wronged’,” she writes. “As much as we don’t like it, there also exists a kind of rightness and strength in this identity . We have something that defines us...which gives us a sense of solidness and purpose.” Plainly put, grudges allow us to see ourselves as victims. Victims deserve sympathy. Victims deserve to be heard. And most importantly, victims deserve justice. Who among us is willing to give that up? In December, research published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences , identified a new personality construct , called Tendency for Interpersonal Victimhood (TIV), to describe people who always see themselves as victims in relationship conflicts. In a series of experiments, researchers found that consistent key traits attributed to TIV, … [Read more...] about For the Love of the Grudge: Resentment Feels Good
Staying Calm Source: Photo by Dingzeyu Li on Unsplash Have you ever encountered two people who were experiencing the exact same thing, and one person was happy while the other person was distressed? In college, I had two friends in the same class. At the end of the semester, they both received B’s. One of my friends was distraught over this grade, while my other friend was thrilled. How is that possible? You may have a similar example to this one, where two people we know experience the same thing but have very different feelings and reactions. Today we’ll explore why this happens, and how we can access our positivity and remain calm in situations that historically have upset us. A common scenario that elicits a wide range of reactions is divorce. One person may get divorced and struggle at first, but then bounces back fairly quickly and may even welcome this change into their life. While another person may feel depressed for months, sometimes years. Another common … [Read more...] about Accessing Your Calm