Girgerenzer’s concerns are shared by a programme of research which political geographers at Birmingham and Aberystwyth Universities have been involved for the past 7 years. This research too has questioned the pessimistic sense that humans are driven by neural processes which exist only beyond cognition. Taking this position suggests that people are somehow uneducable (unable, in Girgerenzer’s words, to become “risk-savvy”), and that a cadre of ‘psychocracts’ must necessarily therefore intervene to pre-empt our predictable behavioural biases. This unrealistically downplays the long-term historical and wide-scale geographical contexts which shape social practices, behaviour and human action. … [Read more...] about Is Ethical Nudging an Oxymoron?