In the 1980s, Dr. Vincent Felitti, a physician from Kaiser Permanente was running an obesity clinic through the Department of Preventive Medicine. After several years, much to Felitti’s puzzlement, more than half of the people participating had dropped out despite successfully losing weight. Determined to find out why, Felitti eventually stumbled upon a troubling finding: many of the participants who dropped out had suffered childhood trauma. Their struggles with obesity were directly related to this early trauma, and therefore, losing weight was more than just a physical issue. Felitti’s discovery set in motion an eventual partnership between Kaiser and the Centers for Disease Control in conducting one of the largest investigations of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and health and well-being later in life. Their study would go on to find a strong graded relationship between the breadth of ACEs (childhood abuse, neglect, and household challenges) a person experiences … [Read more...] about How Do Adverse Childhood Events Impact Us?
Source: ThomasWolter/ CC0 Public Domain Over the past decade, researchers have focused on the idea that determination and consistency can lead to success - even more so than traditional factors such as talent or I.Q. Coined by psychologist Angela Duckworth a decade ago, "grit" is defined as perseverance and commitment to long-term goals. Since Duckworth's hugely popular TED Talk, grit has graced the pages of newspapers and magazines across the nation. The U.S. Department of Education even recommended we begin teaching grit in schools. But a new systematic review written by a psychologist at Iowa State University calls into question what we know about grit. In researching grit, his team reviewed 88 independent studies which involved more than 66,000 participants. Their findings call into question whether grit is a trait that helps to predict success, and whether it can be improved through practice. First, it's important to understand that grit is made up of two … [Read more...] about Are the Benefits of Grit Exaggerated?
In 2007 Dr. Angela Duckworth[i] introduced the construct of grit, the passionate pursuit of long term goals, to account for the ability of some people to strive unrelentingly to accomplish difficult goals that may take years to realize. Traditionally, psychologists have focused on measures of talent (IQ, aptitude, and so forth) to predict who succeeds and who fails across a wide spectrum of tasks. While one hundred years of research has demonstrated talent to be a significant predictor of human performance in many domains, it nevertheless accounts for only about 25 percent of variation in performance. It is the remaining 75 percent of unexplained performance that grit begins to unpack. Thus far, grit research has focused on the behavior and accomplishments of individuals. Duckworth and her colleagues report that higher grit is associated with better classroom performance, success in the National Spelling Bee, and of the completion of rigorous military training at West Point. Moreover, … [Read more...] about Grit Revisited
Recently, along with two of my West Point colleagues, I was invited to spend two days with one of the National Basketball Association’s (NBA) most successful franchises. The general manager (GM) and his associates had read about my research on grit and its role in peak performance, and wanted to learn more. My first reaction to this invitation was one of surprise. It seemed to me that, almost by definition, any basketball player that excels enough to be on the roster of an NBA team must be very high indeed in grit. I accepted the invitation, with the expectation that there was little they could learn from me about grit, but there was probably a lot I could learn from them about how to identify players high in grit, how to nurture and develop grit, and how to leverage it to enhance individual and team performance. As I thought more about what we might talk about, I reflected on the years of research I have completed on individual and group performance in small military teams. What … [Read more...] about Grit, Talent, and Character
Unity Amidst Diversity by eddypua; this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License; http://eddypua.devian Unity Amidst Diversity by eddypua; this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License; http://eddypua.devian — Michael G. Mullen, Retired US Navy Admiral, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff When my father joined the Army in 1943 the United States military was an organization in transformation. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the military – through conscription and a wave of volunteers – rapidly increased in size from approximately 460,000 in 1940 to a force of over 12,000,000 soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines by the conclusion of the war. It was a stunningly homogenous force, consisting predominately of white males. Mostly to supplement the war effort, women served in small numbers and in very limited and usually short-term roles. African American males served mostly in segregated units and very few … [Read more...] about Not Your Father’s Army