The difficult question with using any type of force is twofold: Is it for control or self-defense and to what degree may an officer use it? The use of force is dynamic, as officers are constantly moving back and forth between the need to both control and defend. On one hand, they must be able to control a violator without being excessive in their tactics, while on the other they are required to prevent death or great bodily harm to themselves or a third party. Even more problematic is when circumstances warrant both aspects of force within seconds of each other. This is a result of an incident being tense, evolving, and uncertain. … [Read more...] about Police Use of Force: Not Always For Public Consumption
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It is also important to mention what this study doesn’t say, which is that the whole idea of ADHD can be chalked up to sleepiness. Most of the study’s subjects did not have significant sleep problems and were not classified as “sleepy” when observed. Further, the EEG testing showed that some of the slowing patterns were more indicative of having an ADHD diagnosis than being sleep deprived, a finding that the authors did not expect. Indeed, the researchers devoted several paragraphs to the possibility that the origin of some individuals’ ADHD symptoms may come from deficient oxygen supply before or after birth. This may help connect the dots between previous research that has linked ADHD with low birth weight and maternal smoking during pregnancy. … [Read more...] about How Much Do Sleep Problems Underlie ADHD Symptoms?
Transmitting correct information is critical when dealing with the serious and disabling injury of concussion. I have previously shared how my own post-concussive symptoms altered my capacities and led to a self-reflection of the new me. Our study demonstrates that fighters are exposed to head traumas in fight simulations, or so-called sparring sessions, typically twice a week. This information alone should be enough to focus extra attention on the risks these athletes face. Health-care professionals are rarely present during training, coaches have significant knowledge gaps and are unfamiliar with concussion assessment tools, and athletes usually do not report symptoms to avoid removal from a practice or a competition. This shows the importance of spreading reliable information on head injury knowledge, assessment, and management in combat sports. … [Read more...] about The Vicious Cycle of Concussion Ignorance in Combat Sports