After reviewing the available research on the relationship between age and leadership, Frank Walter and Susan Scheibe (2012) identified a few relevant findings. In task-oriented behavior—getting the job done—younger and older leaders appear to be equally effective. Age doesn’t seem to impact a leader’s willingness to step up, issue directives, and provide rewards for performance. … [Read more...] about Leadership: Does Age Matter?
Here’s a brief background: Between 1996 and 2015, Australia accepted thousands of South Sudanese refugees as part of a humanitarian intake. Many of the displaced South Sudanese had endured multiple traumatic experiences including exposure to violence, family separation, and abject poverty as they fled war-torn Sudan. Re-settlement in Australia brought new challenges. Few Sudanese arrived with a grasp of the English language and many possessed disrupted education and employment histories. The lower levels of educational attainment and prospects for employment had implications for the socio-economic status of many new Sudanese Australians. Financial hardship, initial reliance on government payments and the social challenges of residing in predominantly low-income jurisdictions, can produce unstable and discouraging environmental contexts with fewer opportunities for upward mobility and the development of legitimate social capital. These issues are heightened when migration patterns … [Read more...] about Are African Youth Gangs in Australia a Real Threat?