(CNN)Your genetic makeup can affect how well different medicines work, and new research explores whether that's true for hormonal contraceptives. Women who carry an uncommon genetic variant may produce an enzyme that breaks down hormones found in birth control, a new study finds. This may help explain why the pill has not been 100% effective and why some women using this method of birth control still get pregnant. Combined birth control may reduce ovarian cancer risk Dr. Aaron Lazorwitz, co-author of the study and an obstetrician-gynecologist in the Division of Family Planning in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, said the unintended pregnancy risk for women who carry this genetic variant "cannot be quantified. Not at this point. It's too early." Why am I pregnant? I did everything right Most doctors have seen patients who say, "I was taking my pill perfectly. I took it every day, and I got pregnant," … [Read more...] about Your birth control may fail if you have this genetic variant, research suggests
Birth control when does it start working
During a morning playtime session in Sara Birkeland’s pre-K classroom at Maxfield Elementary School in St. Paul, students drifted between playing house and building puzzles to water coloring and drawing on mini whiteboards. While roaming the room to affirm positive behaviors and redirect budding disputes, a student came up calling “teacher” to get Birkeland’s attention. This prompted a mini interpersonal skills lesson. Birkeland gently corrected the student with a reminder that she prefers to be called by her name. It’s the same expectation she has of herself and the other adults in her classroom, when they’re interacting with students. Getting names right is not something she takes lightly. “There are very few things in children’s lives that are more intimate to them than their names,” she said. “And when they go to school, they’re first trying to separate from their family’s identity. One way to do that … [Read more...] about How can teachers create more inclusive, welcoming classrooms? It starts by saying students’ names correctly.
Italy's ageing population is a social time bomb. Photo: Gabriel Bouys/AFP Once the Catholic nation that produced more babies than any of its neighbours, today Italy has the lowest birth rate in Europe. What does it mean for the country's future? Journalist Megan Birot investigates. Some 464,000 births were registered in Italy last year – the lowest on record, ever. With around eight births per 1,000 inhabitants, Italy's birth rate is getting alarming low, according to Francesco Scalone, a demographer at the University of Bologna. “If Italians don’t start having more babies, you have to wonder what Italy will look like in the next few decades," he said. Declining fertility rates, combined with longer life expectancy, has also left Italy with a significantly older population. Its median age is 45.9 years compared to the EU’s median of 42.8, higher than any other European country except Germany. Population time bomb Population forecasts predict 27 percent … [Read more...] about What does a plummeting birth rate mean for Italy’s future?
By Sabrina Tavernise Published 2:16 pm, Wednesday, June 20, 2018 Photo: Travis Dove / New York Times Image 1of/1 CaptionClose Image 1 of 1 A mover loads furniture from a middle school onto a truck, in Williamston, N.C. The school is joining with the local high school because there aren’t enough students to keep both open. A mover loads furniture from a middle school onto a truck, in Williamston, N.C. The school is joining with the local high school because there aren’t enough students to keep both open. Photo: Travis Dove / New York Times Fewer births than deaths among whites in majority of U.S. states 1 / 1 Back to Gallery WASHINGTON — Deaths now outnumber births among white people in more than half the states in the country, demographers have found, signaling what could be a … [Read more...] about Fewer births than deaths among whites in majority of U.S. states
Visit The Boston Globe Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Comment on this Scroll to top of page By William Wan Washington Post June 19, 2018 WASHINGTON — This is what happens inside children when they are forcibly separated from their parents.Their heart rate goes up. Their body releases a flood of stress hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline. Those stress hormones can start killing off dendrites, the little branches in brain cells that transmit messages. In time, the stress can start killing off neurons and, especially in young children, wreaking dramatic and long-term damage, both psychologically and to the physical structure of the brain.‘‘The effect is catastrophic,’’ said Charles Nelson, pediatrics professor at Harvard Medical School. ‘‘There’s so much research on this that if people paid attention at all to the science, they would never do this.’’ Advertisement That research on … [Read more...] about What separation from parents does to children: ‘The effect is catastrophic’