Should the Education System Prepare Students for Solo Living? Source: CC0 We begin a new academic year this week and it is time to refresh our curricula with a new field: Singles Studies. This shouldn't come as a surprise. Despite the prevalent social and psychological forces that push people into marriage, our reality is inevitably changing and doing so rapidly. Today, unmarried individuals are the fastest-growing demographic in many countries. The number of individuals getting married has been decreasing across the Western world and indeed in some developing countries since the 1970s. Simultaneously, those who do get married do so at a later stage of life, and among those who get married, there was a significant increase in divorce rates. For example, in the USA, the proportion of children living with two married parents decreased from 87 percent at the start of the 1960s to approximately 65 percent in the 2010s. In addition to the rising average age of first … [Read more...] about Should We Prepare Our Students for Solo Living?
Big boss 2 shilpa shetty
Source: Free-photos/Pixabay Worry can be thought of as the cognitive component of anxiety. We tend to worry when we aren't sure what's going to happen but we think that we may experience a negative event, such as a failure, loss, illness, or injury. Worry “represents an attempt to engage in mental problem-solving on an issue whose outcome is uncertain but contains the possibility of one or more negative outcomes; consequently worry relates closely to the fear process” (Borkovec et al. 1983, 10). When you feel anxious, it's more in your body—your heart may start beating faster, or your breath may shorten. Worry, on the other hand, is more in your head. It's a kind of mental anguish that most of us experience, but few know how to overcome. What is the function of worry? Research on worry suggests that it may reduce physiological arousal and negative images by keeping you in the verbal realm (Borkovec and Hu, 1990). Worry is left-brain-focused and may keep you fixated … [Read more...] about Why Worrying Is Unhelpful, and One Thing You Can Do Instead
Last week I received an email from the academic publishing giant Elsevier, inviting me to check out Elsevier’s new Open Science page. I don’t believe for one minute that Elsevier supports open science, but I found the email encouraging, because it shows that even Elsevier knows its current business model is unsustainable. Here's how traditional scientific publishing works. Say that you are a researcher and you think that walking may help kids with anxiety. So you design a study where you randomly assign kids to take walks or not, and you measure their anxiety symptoms. The study will cost money: You’ll have to buy pedometers for the kids and hire a research assistant to help you do the work. So you apply for and receive a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), an organization funded by U.S. taxpayers. You do the study and find that walking does indeed lower kids' anxiety. So far, so good. Now you must … [Read more...] about Parasites in Peril
Source: skeeze / pixabay So far, in my academic career, going back to about 1992 when I started grad school as a young buck at the University of New Hampshire, I have personally found academia to be reasonably egalitarian. At UNH, I conducted a study on the topic of measuring emotional intelligence with Jack Mayer that ended up being published in the highly regarded journal Intelligence (Mayer & Geher, 1996). That article has now been cited thousands of times by scholars all around the world. And the fact that we were not at Harvard made no difference regarding the success of that paper. Since then, I’ve landed a job at SUNY New Paltz, a “comprehensive” state university that does not offer PhD programs, but that offers master-level programs and lots of other good stuff. In the hierarchy of academia, we are probably about the same step below UNH that UNH is below Harvard. But that’s just fine by me. I’ve published five books (two published with … [Read more...] about Financial Privilege and the Publication of Science
A couple of months ago, I told you about Jeffrey Beall and predatory journals, which are journals that publish anything for a fee. In other words, they only pretend to be scientific. Not that there's any connection to my blog, but The New York Times recently published an article by Gina Kolata, called "Many Academics Are Eager to Publish in Worthless Journals." Kolata's article provides a great description of the issues surrounding predatory journals. She talks about pressures on people like "overworked professors at less prestigious schools and community colleges, without big grants and state-of-the-art labs," who pad their professional resumes with fake publications and presentations. In my freshman course, "How to Think Like a Psychologist," we would ask a question like, "How do we know these journals are fake?" One way to provide evidence would be to gather empirical data, and that's just what Katarzyna … [Read more...] about Real Data in Real News About Fake Science