This post is authored by Aparna Ramakrishnan and Pooja Kumaravel of the BIDMC Division of Digital Psychiatry . Depression is a leading cause of disability globally, affecting more than 264 million people worldwide . This debilitating condition is treatable, but clinical care entails a high cost. A cross many areas of the world , mental health services and resources remain limited and unavailable, and pervasive stigma hampers the widespread effectiveness and accessibility of pharmacological treatment. As the need for cost-effective, accessible treatment for depression is more urgent than ever, technology offers a promising avenue for providing mental health resources on a global scale. With the rate of smartphone ownership now 86% in countries like the United States and on the rise, technological interventions have the potential to reach a larger segment of the population than ever before. Over the past decade, smartphone apps have proliferated, with an estimated … [Read more...] about Digital Tools for Depression
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Source: Nathan Cowley/Pexels Depressive episodes in bipolar disorder can be indistinguishable from those in major depressive disorder, leading to misdiagnosis and poor subsequent outcomes. Approximately 40% of patients with bipolar disorder are initially diagnosed with major depressive disorder; average delay in bipolar diagnosis ranges from 5.7 to 7.5 years. In conjunction with data from self-reports and blood biomarker data, a machine learning algorithm called Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) was able to distinguish between bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. The predictive capabilities of artificial intelligence (AI) can assist researchers and clinicians in disciplines characterized by complexity and nuance. AI machine learning is increasingly being used in life sciences, biotechnology, and mental health. A new study published in Translational Psychiatry shows how AI machine learning can be used to help distinguish bipolar disorder … [Read more...] about Machine Learning May Reduce Mental Health Misdiagnosis
After almost a year of virtual meetings and get-togethers, the fatigue of two-dimensional life is ever more exhausting. Countless friends and colleagues have commented to me about how surprised they are that working, meeting, even socializing online is more draining than they recall the real thing to have been. For the most part, we chalked it up to the pandemic; all the efforts we needed to take to protect ourselves and our loved ones from illness were the reason for our exhaustion. That certainly has contributed to the fatigue. But there is an added exhaustion: It is the loss of context. What do I mean by loss of context? We are interacting with others without seeing, feeling, and sensing the larger space around them. We laugh at cartoons and memes and commercials where a person is dressed professionally from the waist up, and in sweats and flip flops or pajama bottoms and slippers on the unseen parts, with viewers on the other end of the virtual world having no idea. While … [Read more...] about What Do We Lose When We Connect in a Two-Dimensional World?
Source: Nastya Gepp / Pixabay I sat in my car, parked outside the large pharmacy store. I pulled out the mask that I’d tucked into my right jacket pocket, and held it in my hands. I watched people going into the store. No one was wearing a mask. Not one person. I put it on for a second, and then I took it off. It felt too awkward. I really wanted to wear it, I knew I should wear it. It’s the right thing to do. It’s the right thing for everyone to do, under the current circumstances. But it felt futile. What would be the point, if no one else is wearing one? I’m just one person. And not only that, but people would stare at me and I’d be “that” person again. It's been bad enough, feeling like the “social distancing police” for the last couple of months as we all navigated our new COVID-19 world. As a medical doctor, I have an ethical responsibility to share essential public health messages. If a friend told me about social plans that they were making, that clearly violated … [Read more...] about Wearing a Mask Is an Act of Love
Home Health Nutrition Nutrition oi-Mahima Setia By Mahima Setia on February 27, 2021 The food labels are present on the food packaging and provide all the nutrition facts of the food item and its ingredients. In India, the Food safety and standards authority of India (FSSAI) dictates food packaging norms. Present at the side or back of the packaging, these labels provide useful information about the nutrition present in the particular food, how it meets the recommended daily allowance as per government regulations, if it is organic or not, a list of non-vegetarian ingredients, shelf life and storage instructions. Some labels will also mention health claim on whether the product is harmful to health or if it benefits health in some ways. In a world where the market shelves are loaded with packaged and processed foods along with numerous variations of the same product, it can get extremely confusing which product to … [Read more...] about Nutritionist Speaks About Food Labels And How To Read Them