A college degree has long been touted as society’s great leveler, essential for entry into the middle class. Nearly 20 million students enrolled in an undergraduate program in 2015, according to the U.S. Department of Education. Movies and television tend to portray an idealized college experience, featuring 18- to 21-year-olds who attend four-year institutions and live on campus. But in reality the college experience is far more varied. Only 15 percent of the undergraduate population fit the traditional profile in 2015, compared with 35 percent in 1986. A college student today is more likely to be female, to attend a four-year public college full time, to live off campus and to graduate with student loan debt. About 43 percent of full-time undergraduate students also work at least part time.To try to capture a more representative snapshot of what college looks like today, we dispatched two reporters to shadow two undergrads — Sheila Suarez, 23, a commuter at the … [Read more...] about One day, two students: What college looks like from opposite ends of the income gap
American autoimmune related diseases association
iStock.com/metamorworks Probiotics are one of the most widely researched natural products for gut health. But what does science say about the benefits of probiotics for women in particular? Probiotics are the good bacteria in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract designed to support your body’s immune system, absorb nutrients, and provide protection against digestive disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, the benefits of probiotics may go well beyond gut health, especially when it comes to women’s health. Probiotics may work specifically by restoring and maintaining the healthy composition of your gut biome. These are the trillions of microorganisms that inhabit your GI tract. Probiotics might also: Support the GI tract’s natural barriers against harmful pathogens (fungi, bacteria, viruses) Release byproducts that discourage damaging overgrowth Jumpstart your immune system response When it comes to probiotics for feminine health, research suggests the … [Read more...] about Benefits of Probiotics for Women: Can They Improve Feminine Health?
When a routine physical revealed mildly elevated blood-sugar levels, Michael Phillips was strongly encouraged to sign up for a diabetes self-management class. Phillips never asked about the cost of the two half-day sessions he attended in a conference room at St. Mary’s Hospital in Athens, Ga., and doesn’t recall the instructor mentioning it. But the 64-year-old retired bank analyst was flabbergasted when he opened his bill after attending. “What, $1,044 for a class?” said Phillips, who fought the bill with the hospital and his insurer, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Georgia. “The hospital is charging an exorbitant rate, but BCBS is going along with it — why aren’t they screaming about being gouged?” There are about 1.5 million Americans newly diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes each year. Unlike Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease in which people produce no insulin that begins in childhood, Type 2 diabetes is a condition of adulthood, typically … [Read more...] about Hospitals lure diabetes patients with self-care courses, but costs can weigh heavily
DEAR MAYO CLINIC: Is there anything I can do now to prevent my 1-year-old from getting celiac disease?ANSWER: At this time, there is no proven way to prevent celiac disease. But if your child is considered to be at high risk for the disease due to family or medical history, there may be some steps you can take to lower that risk or to identify the disease early. If your child isn't in a high-risk category, there's no need to be concerned, as the possibility he or she will develop celiac disease is low.Celiac disease is an immune reaction to eating gluten -- a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. For people with celiac disease, eating gluten triggers an immune response in the small intestine. Over time, that response damages the lining of the small intestine and prevents it from being able to absorb some nutrients. The intestinal damage can lead to diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, bloating and anemia. In children, celiac disease also can affect their growth and development.Anyone can … [Read more...] about Mayo Clinic Q&A: No proven way to prevent celiac disease
Get breaking news alerts and special reports. The news and stories that matter, delivered weekday mornings. SUBSCRIBE Gleevec, the daily pill that turned a killer type of leukemia into a manageable disease, may also help slow the worsening of diabetes, researchers reported Monday. In a follow up to a 2008 study in which diabetic mice were cured by the drug, a team reports “modest” effects in adults with type-1 diabetes. This is the type of diabetes often called juvenile diabetes and it’s caused when the immune system mistakenly destroys insulin-producing cells called beta cells. Tests done in 67 adults with type-1 diabetes showed the drug appeared to boost their body's own production of insulin, Dr. Stephen Gitelman of the University of California San Francisco School of Medicine told a meeting of the American Diabetes Association. “On average the people that got the medicine used less insulin,” Gitelman told NBC News. He stressed that it is a small … [Read more...] about Cancer Drug Gleevec Might Slow Type-1 Diabetes