Treatment of Addison's disease generally involves corticosteroid replacement therapy. The medications are taken for life. The corticosteroid medication, which is usually taken orally (by mouth), replaces the cortisol and aldosterone the body is not producing. Treatment options for Addison's disease include many medications, usually in the form of tablets, depending on the specific hormones that the body is missing. The outlook is positive if the corticosteroid replacement therapy is maintained - it is vital that patients follow the doctor's instructions. The drugs required to effectively treat Addison's depends on the hormones that are no longer being effectively produced in the adrenal glands. Some potential medications include the following: Hydrocortisone - these tablets replace the missing cortisol. Prednisolone or dexamethasone are prescribed less commonly. Fludrocortisone - might be prescribed for missing aldosterone. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) - these pills may be … [Read more...] about Addison’s disease treatment: Medications, side effects, and prognosis
Addison s disease
Addison's disease, or adrenal insufficiency, occurs when the outer layer of the adrenal glands are damaged. Most commonly, it is caused by the immune system attacking the glands as if they were harmful bacteria or viruses. However, it can be caused in other ways. The adrenal glands, which form part of the endocrine system, are situated just above each kidney. They produce hormones that affect every organ and tissue in our bodies. The adrenal glands consist of 2 layers, the medulla (interior) and cortex (outer layer). The medulla produces adrenaline-like hormones, while the cortex secretes corticosteroids. Disruptions to the hormone production of the adrenal glands cause Addison's disease. This disruption can be caused by a number of factors, including an autoimmune disorder, tuberculosis, or a genetic defect. However, approximately 80 percent of cases of Addison's disease in industrialized nations are caused by autoimmune conditions. The adrenal glands stop producing enough steroid … [Read more...] about Addison’s disease: What are the causes?
Addison's disease is a condition where the adrenal glands do not produce enough hormones. In this article, we outline the symptoms. Diagnosing Addison's disease, also called adrenal insufficiency, can take some time because the initial signs and symptoms are similar to several other conditions, such as chronic fatigue syndrome, the flu, and depression. Signs and symptoms tend to develop slowly and may take some time to be recognized. Initial signs and symptoms include: fatigue dizziness lack of motivation, lack of drive drowsiness and lethargy muscle weakness irritability mild depression, changes in mood and personality hypovolemia - or low blood volume unintentional weight loss loss of body hair lack of appetite hypotension - low blood pressure difficulty in standing up anxiety diarrhea vomiting nausea headache muscle and joint pain craving for foods with a high salt content, due to urinary loss of sodium hypoglycemia - low blood sugar fainting irregular menstrual periods, in … [Read more...] about Addison’s disease: Signs and symptoms
Addison's disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency, is diagnosed through a combination of symptoms, physical signs, and blood tests. In this article, we will explore the most common methods and explain how they work. First, a doctor will review the individual's medical history, and the patient will be asked whether there are any close relatives with autoimmune disorders. The doctor will be interested in what symptoms are present, when they began, and how they affect everyday life. The doctor will carry out a physical examination, looking out for certain signs, such as low blood pressure or brownish discoloration of the skin (hyperpigmentation). There are several tests that can assist in the diagnosis of Addison's disease. The first step in diagnosis is suspecting the disease based on signs and symptoms. These include: Symptoms - such as fatigue or weakness, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea, dizziness, muscle pain or joint pain. Low blood … [Read more...] about Addison’s disease: How is it diagnosed?
So, when something goes wrong with one piece, it can be like putting something in between a set of gears in a clock. For example, if your adrenal gland becomes damaged and you start suffering from an adrenal insufficiency. In this article, we will cover adrenal gland insufficiency also known as Addison’s disease, and let you in on everything that occurs when your adrenal gland stops working properly. By the time you finish reading this article, you will know about the different types of adrenal insufficiency, including secondary adrenal insufficiency. You will learn about symptoms of adrenal insufficiency and adrenal insufficiency treatment. Consider this your complete guide to adrenal gland insufficiency and your body. What exactly is adrenal insufficiency or what is Addison’s disease? What causes it? Adrenal insufficiency results when the adrenal glands stop producing the following hormones: 1. Cortisol Helps maintain blood pressure and blood vessel function, as well … [Read more...] about Adrenal Insufficiency (Addison’s Disease): Causes, Symptoms & Treatment