Apert syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that causes a fetus' facial and skull bones to fuse together too early in its development. Apert syndrome causes facial and skull abnormalities, which can lead to visual impairments and dental problems. Apert syndrome can also cause abnormalities in the fingers and toes. This article will provide an overview of Apert syndrome, including the symptoms, treatments, and outlook for this condition. Apert syndrome is a condition where the bones of the skull fuse together too early, which affects the shape of the head and face. People born with Apert syndrome may experience problems with their vision and teeth because of the abnormal shape of the facial and skull bones. In many cases, three or more fingers or toes also fuse together, which is called syndactyly. Apert syndrome is a genetic disorder. It usually appears with no family history of the syndrome, but it can also be inherited from a parent. Characteristic symptoms of Apert syndrome … [Read more...] about What is Apert syndrome?
Pediatrics / Children's Health
Pectus carinatum is a rare chest wall deformity that causes the breastbone to push outward instead of being flush against the chest. It is also known as pigeon chest or keel chest. When the chest wall develops, the cartilage that connects the ribs usually grows flat along the chest. In cases of pectus carinatum, this cartilage grows abnormally, causing unequal growth in the areas where the ribs connect to the sternum. This causes the outward appearance of the chest wall. Most often, pectus carinatum develops during childhood and gets more pronounced as children go through puberty. In some cases, it may not be noticed until a child goes through their adolescent growth spurt. In this article, we take a look at the symptoms associated with pectus carinatum, along with the possible causes and risk factors. We also examine the treatment options and the outlook for this condition. Often, the pushing outward of the breastbone is the only symptom that a person experiences. Some people may … [Read more...] about What is pectus carinatum and can it be treated?
Botox is an injectable drug made from highly-purified botulinum toxin type A, a neurotoxin that temporarily paralyzes muscles and comes from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Clostridium is found naturally in the environment and the gastrointestinal tract of animals. Usually, the bacterium only produces toxins when it overgrows and causes infection. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons estimate that 6.6 million women underwent Botox injections in 2016, making it the most popular form of minimally invasive cosmetic surgery performed in the United States. There are medical conditions that may benefit from Botox therapy. These include: neuromuscular conditions that impact muscle control, such as cerebral palsy severe migraine headaches excessive sweating incontinence or urine leakage gastrointestinal tract conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome spasm of the eyelids spasms of the neck and shoulder muscles conditions that cause intense muscle stiffness According to the … [Read more...] about Is it safe to get Botox while breast-feeding?
Kernicterus is brain damage caused by severe, untreated jaundice or high blood levels of a substance called bilirubin. The condition is typically associated with severe, untreated cases of jaundice in newborns. Globally, 60 to 80 percent of newborns experience jaundice. In industrialized countries, only 0.4 to 2.7 of every 100, 000 children develop kernicterus or a condition called acute bilirubin encephalopathy. This is where bilirubin levels are so high they spread to the brain and damage the central nervous system tissues. Currently, kernicterus refers specifically to severe damage to the nervous system caused by jaundice. However, all types of damage related to severe jaundice are also considered to be forms or stages of kernicterus. In this article, we examine the symptoms of kernicterus, along with its causes and risk factors. We also take a look at how the condition is diagnosed, and what can be done to treat it. Kernicterus develops from severe, untreated jaundice. Common … [Read more...] about What is kernicterus and what are the symptoms?
Growth during puberty happens over an extended period, so it can be difficult to know when it has finished. We explain what to expect and how to know when boys are likely to stop growing. Every individual grows at different rates, and puberty begins and ends at different times for everybody. Puberty can last anywhere from 2 to 5 years, so it is not always easy to predict when it will end. A boy's body goes through many changes during puberty. These changes can be embarrassing or confusing, but the process happens to everyone and knowing what to expect can help. Puberty is the process of growth and change that happens in the body as boys become adults. Puberty is different for everyone and can start at any age between 8 and 14. The average age for boys to show the first signs of puberty is around 12 years old, about 1 year after girls begin puberty. The fastest rate of growth is usually 1 to 2 years after puberty has started. Developing physically into an adult takes 2 to 5 years. Most … [Read more...] about What age do boys stop growing?