Apert syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that causes a fetus' facial and skull bones to fuse together too early in its development. Apert syndrome causes facial and skull abnormalities, which can lead to visual impairments and dental problems. Apert syndrome can also cause abnormalities in the fingers and toes. This article will provide an overview of Apert syndrome, including the symptoms, treatments, and outlook for this condition. Apert syndrome is a condition where the bones of the skull fuse together too early, which affects the shape of the head and face. People born with Apert syndrome may experience problems with their vision and teeth because of the abnormal shape of the facial and skull bones. In many cases, three or more fingers or toes also fuse together, which is called syndactyly. Apert syndrome is a genetic disorder. It usually appears with no family history of the syndrome, but it can also be inherited from a parent. Characteristic symptoms of Apert syndrome … [Read more...] about What is Apert syndrome?
Bones / Orthopedics
Arachnoiditis is a neurological condition that causes pain in the back, perineum (the space between the genitals and the rectum), legs, arms, and feet. Arachnoiditis can also affect a person's vision, sight, and mobility. Arachnoiditis develops when the tissues that protect the brain, the nerves, and the spinal cord are damaged, usually by a traumatic injury. In this article, we look at the causes and types of arachnoiditis, as well as how to manage the pain and other symptoms. Arachnoiditis occurs when the arachnoid is damaged. The arachnoid is part of a group of membranes that cushion the brain and spinal cord nerves. When this cushioning is damaged, nerves may not function correctly. The nerves in the spinal cord are surrounded by several thin tissues, called meninges, which provide cushioning and protection. The arachnoid mater is the middle tissue of the meninges. Damage to the arachnoid mater can cause swelling and inflammation. This swelling can cause nerves in the spine to … [Read more...] about Arachnoiditis: Symptoms, diagnosis, and outlook
Forearms are integral to hand and arm movement, so pain in this region can be highly disruptive to daily life. Forearm pain can result from a number of different causes, each requiring a different treatment approach. The forearms are composed of the radius and ulna bones, which span the length of the forearm to intersect at the wrist joint. The location means that the forearm is intrinsically involved in a range of everyday arm or hand movements. As a result of this, injury or discomfort in the forearm can have a wide-ranging impact on mobility and interfere with daily functioning. For example, forearm pain can make it difficult to type on a keyboard or grip an item with the hand. The forearm contains several superficial, immediate, and deep muscles. Like most body parts, its structures are connected by tendons and ligaments. Forearm pain can occur for a variety of reasons including: Injury: An acute trauma, such as a fall, can cause a fracture in one of the forearm bones or damage … [Read more...] about What are the causes of forearm pain?
Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when the posterior tibial nerve, which runs along the inside of the ankle and foot, becomes compressed and damaged, causing inflammation. The condition, also known as TTS, is usually caused by continual overuse of the foot and ankle, such as occurs with strenuous or prolonged walking, running, standing, or exercising. But TTS can also occur suddenly after traumatic injury, or spontaneously, for no clear reason. A doctor should always assess and treat symptoms of TTS early. The first line of treatment for TTS is RICE, which stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, or NSAIDs, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, can also help make symptoms more manageable. For more severe or chronic cases, more aggressive treatment options exist, such as corrective devices, therapies, and in some cases, surgery. Common ways to manage and treat TTS include: Rest: The easiest and most immediate way to … [Read more...] about What to know about tarsal tunnel syndrome
Hip flexor strain can occur when the hip flexor muscles are pulled, strained, torn or injured. A range of activities may cause the condition with the chief symptom being sharp pain. Damage to the hip area can vary from minor injuries that require little treatment, to more severe injuries that result in the muscles ceasing to connect with the bone. The most serious hip flexor injuries are third-degree sprains where the bone breaks alongside the muscle sprain. The hip flexors can be found connecting the top of the femur, which is the largest bone in the body, to the lower back, hips, and groin. There are various hip flexor muscles that all work to enable a person to be mobile. They include: the iliacus and psoas major muscles that are also referred to as iliopsoas the rectus femoris, which is part of a person's quadriceps Overuse or overstretching of these muscles and tendons can result in injury and accompanying pain and reduced mobility. Many people who experience hip flexor strain … [Read more...] about All you need to know about hip flexor strain